Ministers, Officiants & Notaries Public
Little Traverse Bay Bands Of Odawa Becomes Third Tribal Nation To Pass Marriage Equality
On Tuesday, March 5th, 2013 at 1:35 pm, the tribal council of the Little Traverse Bay Bands of Odawa Indians in Michigan became the third tribal nation in the U.S. to pass a marriage equality statute this week. Under consideration by the tribal council since last March, the new statute will allow the tribe to both recognize and perform same-sex marriage. A similar measure failed last July by one vote. When the measure was first proposed, former Odawa Council Chairman Ken Harrington defended the equality effort:
HARRINGTON: We have our own constitution, our own court system, and our own government here, police force, etc, DNR, so it’s our right to express equality… In my mind, we’re all equal in our creator’s eye.
Marriage equality at Little Traverse is the latest in a larger movement by tribal members and tribal leaders to pass marriage equality measures. In fact, a new tribal LGBT equality toolkit was just released last fall to help tribal leaders incorporate comprehensive protections for LGBT people and families into their tribal codes. The Indigenous Ways of Knowing program, which released the toolkit, is now working on implementing with interested tribal leaders and their governments.
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MICHIGAN STATE LAWS
2011 Michigan Compiled Laws Chapter 551 - Marriage R.S. of 1846 - Revised Statutes of 1846 (551.1 - 551.18)
Act 128 of 1887 - Marriage License (551.101 - 551.111)
551.7 Persons authorized to solemnize marriage; records; returns; disposition of fees charged by mayor or county clerk. (1) Marriages may be solemnized by any of the following: (a) A judge of the district court, in the district in which the judge is serving. (b) A district court magistrate, in the district in which the magistrate serves. (c) A municipal judge, in the city in which the judge is serving or in a township over which a municipal court has jurisdiction under section 9928 of the revised judicature act of 1961, 1961 PA 236, MCL 600.9928. (d) A judge of probate, in the county or probate court district in which the judge is serving. (e) A judge of a federal court. (f) A mayor of a city, anywhere in a county in which that city is located. (g) A county clerk in the county in which the clerk serves, or in another county with the written authorization of the clerk of the other county. (h) For a county having more than 2,000,000 inhabitants, an employee of the county clerk's office designated by the county clerk, in the county in which the clerk serves. (i) A minister of the gospel or cleric or religious practitioner, anywhere in the state, if the minister or cleric or religious practitioner is ordained or authorized to solemnize marriages according to the usages of the denomination. (j) A minister of the gospel or cleric or religious practitioner, anywhere in the state, if the minister or cleric or religious practitioner is not a resident of this state but is authorized to solemnize marriages under the laws of the state in which the minister or cleric or religious practitioner resides. (2) A person authorized by this act to solemnize a marriage shall keep proper records and make returns as required by section 4 of 1887 PA 128, MCL 551.104. (3) If a mayor of a city solemnizes a marriage, the mayor shall charge and collect a fee to be determined by the council of that city, which shall be paid to the city treasurer and deposited in the general fund of the city at the end of the month. (4) If the county clerk or, in a county having more than 2,000,000 inhabitants, an employee of the clerk's office designated by the county clerk solemnizes a marriage, the county clerk shall charge and collect a fee to be determined by the commissioners of the county in which the clerk serves. The fee shall be paid to the treasurer for the county in which the clerk serves and deposited in the general fund of that county at the end of the month. History: R.S. 1846, Ch. 83 ;-- CL 1857, 3210 ;-- CL 1871, 4725 ;-- Am. 1873, Act 85, Eff. July 31, 1873 ;-- How. 6215 ;-- CL 1897, 8594 ;-- Am. 1903, Act 139, Eff. Sept. 17, 1903 ;-- Am. 1909, Act 235, Eff. Sept. 1, 1909 ;-- CL 1915, 11368 ;-- CL 1929, 12696 ;-- Am. 1931, Act 28, Imd. Eff. Apr. 21, 1931 ;-- Am. 1937, Act 42, Eff. Oct. 29, 1937 ;-- CL 1948, 551.7 ;-- Am. 1972, Act 211, Eff. July 1, 1972 ;-- Am. 1975, Act 175, Imd. Eff. July 20, 1975 ;-- Am. 1979, Act 24, Imd. Eff. June 6, 1979 ;-- Am. 1983, Act 64, Imd. Eff. May 26, 1983 ;-- Am. 2006, Act 419, Imd. Eff. Sept. 29, 2006 ;-- Am. 2006, Act 613, Imd. Eff. Jan. 3, 2007 ;-- Am. 2008, Act 47, Imd. Eff. Mar. 27, 2008 551.9 Solemnization of marriage; form; declaration by parties; witnesses. In the solemnization of marriage, no particular form shall be required, except that the parties shall solemnly declare, in the presence of the person solemnizing the marriage and the attending witnesses, that they take each other as husband and wife; and in every case, there shall be at least 2 witnesses, besides the person solemnizing the marriage, present at the ceremony. History: R.S. 1846, Ch. 83 ;-- CL 1857, 3212 ;-- CL 1871, 4727 ;-- How. 6217 ;-- CL 1897, 8596 ;-- CL 1915, 11370 ;-- CL 1929, 12698 ;-- CL 1948, 551.9 ;-- Am. 1972, Act 211, Eff. July 1, 1972 551.14 Unlawful marriage by person authorized to solemnize marriage; penalty. If a person authorized to solemnize marriages knowingly joins any persons in marriage contrary to the provisions of this chapter, he or she shall forfeit for each offense a sum not exceeding $500.00. History: R.S. 1846, Ch. 83 ;-- CL 1857, 3217 ;-- CL 1871, 4728 ;-- How. 6218 ;-- CL 1897, 8597 ;-- CL 1915, 11371 ;-- CL 1929, 12699 ;-- CL 1948, 551.14 ;-- Am. 1972, Act 211, Eff. July 1, 1972 ;-- Am. 1983, Act 64, Imd. Eff. May 26, 1983 551.15 Ceremony performance with knowledge of lack of authority or legal impediment; penalty. If any person shall undertake to join others in marriage, knowing that he is not lawfully authorized so to do, or knowing of any legal impediment to the proposed marriage, he shall be deemed guilty of a misdemeanor, and upon conviction thereof shall be punished by imprisonment in the county jail not more than 1 year, or by a fine not less than 50 nor more than 500 dollars, or by both such fine and imprisonment, in the discretion of the court. History: R.S. 1846, Ch. 83 ;-- CL 1857, 3218 ;-- CL 1871, 4729 ;-- How. 6219 ;-- CL 1897, 8598 ;-- CL 1915, 11372 ;-- CL 1929, 12700 ;-- CL 1948, 551.15 551.16 Want of jurisdiction or authority to solemnize marriage; affect on marriage. A marriage solemnized before an individual professing to be a district judge, common pleas court judge, district court magistrate, municipal judge, judge of probate, judge of a federal court, mayor, the county clerk or, in a county having more than 2,000,000 inhabitants, an employee of the county clerk designated by the clerk to solemnize marriages, or a minister of the gospel or cleric or religious practitioner shall not be considered or adjudged to be void, nor shall the validity of the marriage be affected, on account of a want of jurisdiction or authority by that individual if the marriage was consummated with a full belief on the part of the individuals married, or either of them, that they were lawfully joined in marriage. History: R.S. 1846, Ch. 83 ;-- CL 1857, 3219 ;-- CL 1871, 4730 ;-- How. 6220 ;-- CL 1897, 8599 ;-- CL 1915, 11373 ;-- CL 1929, 12701 ;-- CL 1948, 551.16 ;-- Am. 1972, Act 211, Eff. July 1, 1972 ;-- Am. 1975, Act 175, Imd. Eff. July 20, 1975 ;-- Am. 1979, Act 24, Imd. Eff. June 6, 1979 ;-- Am. 2006, Act 419, Imd. Eff. Sept. 29, 2006 551.17 Denominational modes of solemnization; effect of chapter. The preceding provisions of this chapter, so far as they relate to the manner of solemnizing marriages, shall not affect marriages among the people called Friends or Quakers; nor marriages among people of any other particular denomination, having, as such, any peculiar mode of solemnizing marriages; but such marriages may be solemnized in the manner heretofore used and practiced in their respective societies or denominations. History: R.S. 1846, Ch. 83 ;-- CL 1857, 3220 ;-- CL 1871, 4731 ;-- How. 6221 ;-- CL 1897, 8600 ;-- CL 1915, 11374 ;-- CL 1929, 12702 ;-- CL 1948, 551.17 551.18 Certificates and records of marriage as evidence. The original certificates and records of marriage made by the person solemnizing the marriage as prescribed in this chapter, and the record thereof made by the county clerk, or a copy of such record duly certified by such clerk, shall be received in all courts and places, as presumptive evidence of the fact of the marriage. History: R.S. 1846, Ch. 83 ;-- CL 1857, 3221 ;-- CL 1871, 4732 ;-- How. 6222 ;-- CL 1897, 8601 ;-- CL 1915, 11375 ;-- CL 1929, 12703 ;-- CL 1948, 551.18 ;-- Am. 1972, Act 211, Eff. July 1, 1972 Act 128 of 1887 - Marriage License (551.101 - 551.111) 551.104 Certificate completion; officiating person duty; original license return; record. It shall be the duty of the clergyman or magistrate, officiating at a marriage, to fill in the spaces of the certificate left blank for the entry of the time and place of the marriage, the names and residences of 2 witnesses, and his own signature in certification that the marriage has been performed by him and any and all information required to be filled in in the spaces left blank in the certificate shall be typewritten or legibly printed. He shall separate the duplicate license and certificate, and deliver the half part designated duplicate to 1 of the parties, so joined in marriage, and within 10 days return the original to the county clerk issuing the same. It shall be the duty of such clergyman or magistrate to keep an accurate record of all marriages solemnized in a book used expressly for that purpose. History: 1887, Act 128, Eff. Sept. 28, 1887 ;-- How. 6222d ;-- CL 1897, 8605 ;-- Am. 1913, Act 244, Eff. Aug. 14, 1913 ;-- CL 1915, 11379 ;-- CL 1929, 12709 ;-- CL 1948, 551.104 ;-- Am. 1955, Act 96, Eff. Oct. 14, 1955 551.106 Person officiating at marriage; violation of act, misdemeanor, penalty. Any clergyman or magistrate who shall join together in marriage parties who have not delivered to him a properly issued license, as provided for in this act, or who shall violate any of the provisions of this act, shall be adjudged guilty of a misdemeanor, and shall be punished by a fine of 100 dollars, or in default of payment thereof, by imprisonment in the county jail for a term of 90 days. History: 1887, Act 128, Eff. Sept. 28, 1887 ;-- How. 6222f ;-- CL 1897, 8607 ;-- CL 1915, 11381 ;-- CL 1929, 12711 ;-- CL 1948, 551.106 551.107 Failure to return certificate; misdemeanor, penalty. Any person, whose duty it shall be to return a marriage certificate to the county clerk, who shall neglect to return said certificate, shall be adjudged guilty of a misdemeanor, and shall be punished by a fine of not exceeding 100 dollars or 90 days' imprisonment, or both, in the discretion of the court. History: 1887, Act 128, Eff. Sept. 28, 1887 ;-- How. 6222g ;-- CL 1897, 8608 ;-- CL 1915, 11382 ;-- CL 1929, 12712 ;-- CL 1948, 551.107